masque de fer pignerol

Pagnol obtained the letters of Charles II to his sister through the Foreign Affairs archives. By placing James's birth at the time of Louis XIV's, i.e. According to Marcel Pagnol, this U-turn from the minister, occurring 22 days after Roux's execution, means in reality that Martin was arrested and lends weight to the theory that the King's order to kidnap Martin was entrusted to a special official, without the ambassador's knowledge. July 1669 - The "valet Martin", presumed accomplice of Roux De Marcilly, is arrested and taken to Calais. In 1695 Cannes was placed in a state of defence, requesting the Arsenal of Toulon. All the prisoner's linen was changed twice a week, whereas in prisons the bed sheets were changed every three weeks in summer and once a month in winter. This is clearly a false name in order to conceal the real identity of the prisoner. When the masked prisoner arrived at the Bastille, "Eustache Dauger" was therefore officially released. En 1679, la famille du prisonnier est invitée à séjourner au donjon. With reference to the furniture to be provided, he states that "he is only a valet". Mr du Palteau concludes by declaring: "I did not hear it said that he had a foreign accent," most probably eliminating the hypothesis of a foreigner such as Matthioli. Having converted to Catholicism in 1667, he entered the Jesuit novitiate in Rome in April 1668. Chamillart is said to have revealed that this was a man "who knew all the secrets of Mr Fouquet." 1694 - The prison of Pignerol, threatened by a concentration of Italian troops, is evacuated. He was given the name of "Eustache Dauger", designating him as a simple valet. In 1657, Marguerite Carteret married Jean de la Cloche, who gives his name to James. In Exilles: two men on sentry duty who stood guard day and night had to report any attempt at outside communication. Marcel Pagnol therefore places the arrival of "Martin" (arrested in England) in Calais between 6 and 12 July 1669.[30]. Just before James’ departure, which Marcel Pagnol places in early December 1668, Father Oliva received from Charles II a debt of gratitude. Certains pensent que la rencontre de la Montespan et des Fouquet y est pour quelque chose. Du Junca was the second in command at the prison after the governor. Furthermore, the detention of prisoners such as Fouquet or Lauzun did not remain secret for such a long time. In his letter, he does not provide any theory regarding the prisoner's identity. Following the hunting adventure, the King and the Queen, furious to learn that Fargues was living quietly so close to Paris, asked Lamoignon, first President of the Parliament of Paris, to investigate his past. Count Vermandois and the chin strap with iron springs are again referenced in the legend of an anonymous engraving of 1789: The 1771 editor gives his version of the facts, which according to him is the version Voltaire could not explicitly give in his writings for fear of royal reprisals: The Queen who feared being unable to provide an heir to Louis XIII, gave birth to a first child and told the secret to Cardinal Mazarin who decided to arrange "the opportunity of a single bed for the King and the Queen," whereas they had not lived together for a long time. À partir de 1674, l’un des deux valets de Fouquet (le dénommé Champagne) meurt en prison. Concerning the prisoner's past, specifically his early years prior to his arrest, Marcel Pagnol identifies the masked prisoner as a certain James de la Cloche, mentioned by some historians, including Lord Acton,[3] Andrew Lang,[4] Miss Carey,[5] Mgr Barnes[6] and Emile Laloy. Marcel Pagnol reproduces the text of the death certificate on which the name Marchialy [58] is written. On his return to Paris on 27 August, on the orders of the King Louvois undertook complete renewal of the garrison of Pignerol,[53] involving the replacement of the regiment, the officers (Marcel Pagnol estimates their number to be between 30 and 40) and three governors: La Bretonnière, governor of the city, St-Jacques, governor of the Citadel, and the Major of the fort of La Pérouse. [59], As for the grave, Marcel Pagnol mentions a rumour according to which some drugs were inserted into the prisoner's coffin to consume the body, which he does not believe. Du Junca, "the King's lieutenant" of the Bastille, noted on the evening of 18 September 1698 the arrival of "a former prisoner whom he [Saint-Mars] had in Pignerol, whom he always kept masked and whose name cannot be spoken […]".Marcel Pagnol concludes that after the announcement of "Dauger's" release, Saint-Mars did not use any false name or pseudonym.[35]. According to Pagnol, it was thus flattery from figures such as Boileau, Molière etc. Voltaire also quotes Michel de Chamillart, secretary for war in 1701 (having succeeded Barbezieux), as the last secretary to keep the secret, and whose son-in-law the Second Marshall of La Feuillade is said to have failed to make him break his oath of silence. Matthioli and the others stayed in Pignerol. 1680 – Death in Pignerol of Nicolas Fouquet, who had been imprisoned since 1664. À la cour, on parle d’une grâce et l’on guette son retour. In 1657 Marguerite married Jean de la Cloche who gave his name to James. De quoi peut-il s’agir ? Fouquet et Lauzun jouissent cette année-là d’un régime de semi-liberté et l’on peut voir l’ancien Surintendant parcourir les rues de la citadelle en compagnie de sa famille. He also compared some of the detention conditions with those of other prisoners such as Fouquet, Lauzun and Matthioli, who had not benefited from the construction of a new cell. 19 November 1703 - Death of the masked prisoner, who is buried on 20 November at the cemetery of Saint-Paul under the name of Marchialy. Knowing via the Carteret family that Charles II was secretly preparing for his conversion to Catholicism,[11] he decided to become a Catholic priest in order to be able to convert Charles II. Eustache Dauger de Cavoye was the brother of Louis Oger de Cavoye, who was King Louis XIV's Chief Marshall of Lodgings in 1677. This threat probably explains the prisoner's transfer to the Bastille. Louis XIV therefore sent Louvois and Vallot to question the prisoner and undertake complete renewal of the troops on site. They asked then for hospitality at the house of a certain Fargues, who warmly welcomed them, offering an excellent meal and rooms for the night. – Six mois après l’arrivée de Fouquet le donjon explose, la poudrière frappée par la foudre. However, Mr du Palteau writes to Mr du Fréron in June 1768: ". which ensured Louis XIV's posthumous glory. On 14 December 1681, Louvois ordered Saint-Mars to dress the two prisoners (Dauger and La Rivière) in new clothes, specifying that ", In his letter of 9 June 1681, Louvois orders Saint-Mars to leave for Exilles. Ercole Antonio Matthioli, was born in Bologna in 1640, and was appointed deputy to the Duke of Mantoue (in present Lombardy) which made him a count, a title that Marcel Pagnol describes as "not very serious". Eustache Dauger de Cavoye - Brother of Louis Oger de Cavoye, Chief Marshall of Lodgings of King Louis XIV. 3 seigniorial estates: Le Palteau, Erimont. Thus, in October 1681, Saint-Mars, his prisoners and his company of 45 men left Pignerol for Exilles. Roux was said to have been gagged for his execution. In The Age of Louis XIV (1751), Voltaire mentions, during the detention on the island of Sainte-Marguerite, "a mask having a chin strap with iron springs, which enabled him to eat with the mask on his face." Un messager vient recueillir la déposition de Lauzun, puis repart en rendre compte à Louvois. "Monsieur" Philippe d'Orléans – his younger brother. Louis XVIII declared to his friend Duke de la Rochefoucauld, "I know the key to this mystery, as my successors will know it. – Lauzun ne cesse de tourner en rond dans sa prison comme un loup dans sa cage. He gives more credit to other rumours stating that when the grave was opened no coffin was found.[60]. According to Lord Acton, who obtained a copy of a manuscript from the archives of the Jesuits in Rome, James is thought to have been raised in the Protestant religion. at the time of de Marcilly's trial, Charles II summoned the ambassador Colbert de Croissy to express to Louis XIV his regrets for not having had, in his own words, ", On 5 July, Charles II writes to his sister Henrietta of England: ", After the arrest of "Martin Dauger", Lionne publicly declared that ". For this purpose he commissioned Poupart, colonel of the Engineers and a close assistant of. Marcel Pagnol stresses the fact that his team followed him to Paris: Rosarges was promoted to Major of the Bastille, Guillaume de Formanoir administrator of the large prison (he shared his duties with Abbot Giraud) as well as the modest turnkey Antoine Rù, despite the fact that many turnkeys were already employed at the Bastille. Pagnol's theory is based on the interpretation he makes of this correspondence in which he perceives lies jointly devised between the minister and Saint-Mars, so as to develop, having foreseen the possible loss of the letters or their later examination, an "official version" regarding the prisoner's identity, rather than systematically destroying the documents which would have doubtless aroused more suspicion and curiosity. The real Eustache Dauger, however, cannot be referred to as a valet. Les deux prisonniers, jusque là camarades d’infortune, deviennent des ennemis. Marcel Pagnol also indicates the existence of a real valet named Martin who served Roux: he was found in London when Roux was tracked down and said he did not know anything about the plot led by his former master. The time of captivity: in a letter written in 1691, Barbezieux refers to ". In Pagnol's opinion, Saint-Simon's text leaves no doubt that Louvois was poisoned by his doctor Séron [66] on the discreet orders of the King,[67] because of the secrets he held, concerning Fouquet's poisoning, the identity of the prisoner in the iron mask, and the death of Henrietta of France. He specifies that he made sure the dishes, the corners of the bedroom and other places where the prisoner could have written were scrupulously and systematically inspected. In defiance of the Swiss sovereignty,[25] Louis XIV had him kidnapped. The transfer to Exilles took place by night, in a clandestine manner, in so far as Saint-Mars did not inform Governor D’Harleville of it. At the end of his letter, he adds that Matthioli's "rags" […] ", In his letter of 11 May 1681 to the War Administrator du Chaunoy, Louvois mentions ", According to Iung (Vol. In London, at the start of May 1668, Sir Samuel Morland, a diplomat and ancient member of the Parliament, earned the trust of Roux de Marcilly. The prisoner was transferred from Exilles to the Islands in an oilcloth litter, within which he was protected from inquisitive looks, with eight Italian carriers being brought in from Turin. – En 1675, Eustache Danger, confiné dans l’isolement le plus total depuis six ans, entre au service de Fouquet, en remplacement du valet Champagne, décédé en septembre 1674. In 1644, when Queen Henrietta of France, sister of Louis XIII, is about to give birth to Henrietta of England, the midwife Lady Perronette was sent to England by Cardinal Mazarin to assist, taking the twin with her in order to hide him abroad, which was the actual purpose of her journey. It was at this point, according to Marcel Pagnol, that La Rivière became the valet of "Dauger". This hypothesis, according to which the prisoner is thought to be Louis XIV's elder brother, is not based on any proof, on the other hand Pagnol does not put forward any information that would demonstrate it is wrong.[78][79]. L’un est pendu, l’autre condamné aux galères ! When James gave the letter to Charles II in London in early 1669, the latter recognised him and revealed the secret of his birth, which he certainly inherited from his mother Henrietta of France. Saint-Mars's lieutenants were Guillaume de Formanoir (his nephew) and Blainvilliers (his first cousin). The monthly allowance of the prisoner and his valet amounted to 360. Marcel Pagnol finds this black mask in accounts from the Bastille: Lieutenant Du Junca, in his records reporting the arrival of the prisoner at the Bastille, along with a certain prisoner called Linguet, respectively mention "a mask of black velvet", "of velvet and not of iron". [17],[18] Marcel Pagnol's believed in James’ good faith though, admitting that he sincerely believed he was the bastard son of Charles II.[19]. He describes an attractive and well-built young man wearing "a mask having a chin strap with iron springs",[57][73] gives certain details testifying to a luxurious detention environment and the great respect and consideration with which he was treated by prominent citizens such as the Marquis de Louvois. Charles II might have followed the "wait and see" tactic, and waited for Spain and Switzerland to start the hostilities before launching the battle with a more favorable situation. He preferred a more anonymous journey rather than alerting the communities along the various stops. She was granted an allowance of 6000. A little coastal area in Cotentin still bears this name today, the commune of, Pagnol sees in it a striking resemblance between Charles II and Louis XIV (first cousins), referring to a portrait of Charles II painted by, Charles's true intentions regarding his conversion to Catholicism remain unknown: he secretly commits to this later, in one of the clauses of the.

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